Article 28 of the Agreement allows the parties to terminate the contract after having sent a notification of resignation to the depositary. The denunciation may take place for the country no earlier than three years after the entry into force of the agreement. The revocation shall take effect one year after the notification of the depositary. The agreement also provides that withdrawal from the UNFCCC, under which the Paris Agreement was adopted, would also remove the state from the Paris Agreement. The conditions for exiting the UNFCCC are the same as those of the Paris Agreement. The agreement does not contain provisions on non-compliance. While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, as countries have not declared their intention to leave the 1992 UNFCCC as “Annex 1” countries, they will continue to be required under the UNFCCC to prepare national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  A signed agreement is a signature on a sheet of paper and a powerful legal element between two parties.3 min read The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the UNFCCC on the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions, signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.   Until February 2020, the 196 members of the UNFCCC signed the agreement and 189 became parties to the agreement.  Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, the only major emitters are Iran and Turkey. In November 2020, 194 states and the European Union signed the agreement.
187 states and the EU, which are the basis for about 79% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have ratified or acceded to the agreement, including China and India, the 1st and 3rd largest CO2 emissions among UNFCCC members.    As of November 2020, the United States, Iran and Turkey are the only countries that account for more than 1% of global emissions that are not parties. Although mitigation and adaptation require increased climate finance, adjustment has generally received less support and mobilized less private sector action.  A 2014 OECD report indicated that in 2014, only 16% of global funds were devoted to climate change adaptation.  The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance between adaptation and mitigation and highlighted in particular the need to increase support for adaptation to parties most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states. . . .