The optimism of our respondents may indicate that positive developments are coming, but it may also indicate that there may be a mismatch between expectations. There is still time to act, but the opportunity for an adequate increase in ambition does not allow us to wait for the next round of NDC updates in 2025, where the scale of the task may be unreasonable. We urge the contracting parties not to wait until the next round of NDC updates in 2025 to correct the lack of ambition. The global Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the quality of climate planning and NDC processes in 2020, but countries are likely to be in a clearer and more confident position when they emerge from the crisis in the coming years. The revival of active multilateralism should be taken by ambitious countries to act now, even if they are outside the formal cycles of updating NPNs, to communicate new commitments that reflect their highest possible ambitions and to bring together and support others to follow their example. The NDC`s 2020 Update report discusses countries` willingness to increase their ambitions in the first round of NDC updates amid a global health crisis. Based on our survey of 98 policy makers and experts involved in the planning and implementation of NDC from 83 countries, we discuss progress in implementing NDCs since 2015, expectations for the NDC update cycle, and progress in developing long-term strategies for the development of greenhouse gas emissions (LTS). We analyze the potential impact of COVID-19 on climate planning and the fight against climate change in terms of the future of clean technologies, the national climate agenda and remedies. 2020 marks five years since the Paris Agreement and the NDC`s update cycle marks a turning point in increasing climate change ambitions. Several serious and consolidated strategies to combat climate change are emerging, but processes are delayed and climate change commitments in 2020 are unlikely to be in line with the urgency of climate action. The window of opportunity for a shift in the global economy towards net zero emissions, in line with the Paris Agreement target, is closing.
It is not clear that the current NFPA update cycle will lead to a significant increase in ambitions, but we find that too many countries do not plan to do so at this time. While there are several positive examples of countries that, through the consolidation of the NDC and LTS processes, have been able to credibly inform the ambitious level of their NDC update processes, many countries have faced considerable delays in the preparation of their LTS and missed this opportunity; The development process of LTS appears to have been largely underestimated. However, governments continue to have few positive moves to improve their 2030 NDC targets since Paris in 2015.