Australian treaties generally fall into the following categories: extradition, postal agreements and warrants, trade and international conventions. Treaties can be referred to by a number of different names: international conventions, international agreements, alliances, final acts, charters, declarations of intent, protocols, covenants, agreements and constitutions for international organisations. Usually, these different names have no legal meaning in international law (see the next section for the difference in U.S. law). Contracts can be bilateral (two parties) or multilateral (between several parties) and a contract is usually binding only on the parties. An agreement “enters into force” when the conditions for entry into force laid down in the agreement are met. Bilateral agreements usually enter into force when the two parties agree to be bound from a certain date. In rare cases, such as Ethiopia and Qing Dynasty China, local governments were able to use treaties to at least mitigate the effects of European colonization. This included learning the intricacies of European diplomatic customs, and then using treaties to prevent the government from overstaking its agreement or by pitting different powers against one another.
[Citation required] International grant agreements managed through PSOs. Note: This Agreement is to be reviewed by OSP, OCGA and Global Services. International agreements are formal agreements or obligations between two or more countries. An agreement between two countries is said to be “bilateral”, while an agreement between several countries is “multilateral”. Countries bound by an international agreement are generally referred to as “States Parties”. International Unit Affiliation Agreement (IUAA): These international agreements usually include a number of academic activities planned as part of the collaboration. These are not campus-wide, but involve one or more smaller units, often within the same UCSF school or institute. Each IUAA requires that a specific UCSF Faculty Champion (who may work with a specific Management Services Administrator or Officer or MSO) be responsible for the partnership agreement process and ongoing collaboration. IUAAs are legally binding, have the language required by UCSF for different domains (insurance, use of the name, etc.) and last 5 years.